1912 Petition from the Houston Anti-Tuberculosis League, Dr. Elva A. Wright, President, for the Requirements of a Tuberculosis Hospital Proposed by the Commissioners' Court of Harris County; Signed by Members of the Local #79 O.P.I.A. (Houston)

1912 Petition from the Houston Anti-Tuberculosis League, Dr. Elva A. Wright, President, for the Requirements of a Tuberculosis Hospital Proposed by the Commissioners' Court of Harris County; Signed by Members of the Local #79 O.P.I.A. (Houston)

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Two-page document, 8.5 X 14 inches. Very good condition with three folds. The first page contains the embossed seal of Local #79 O.P.I.A. (Operative Plasterers International Association, now Operative Plasterers and Cement Masons' International Association, or OPCMIA). This document is a typed petition that 1) thanks the county commissioners for deciding to establish a tuberculosis hospital in Houston, 2) reviews the death statistics and effects of "this greatest of infectious diseases" and 3) states the requirements for such a facility. Organizations behind the petition are listed at the end: "Texas Anti-Tuberculosis Ass'n, R.J. Newton, Ex Sec'y; Houston Anti-Tuberculosis League, Dr. Elva A. Wright, M.D., Pres.; Harris County Medical Society, Harvin C. Moore, Pres.; Houston Retail Merchants Ass'n., Chas. W. Taylor, Pres.; Houston Chamber of Commerce, W.C. Munn, Pres.; United Charities, Mrs. W.B. Sharp, Pres., Mrs. J.C. Love, Sec'y.; City Federation of Women's Clubs, Mrs. W.H. Baines, Pres.; and Other Organizations, Firms and Individuals." Petitioners are instructed at the top of the petition to return the signed petition to "Houston Anti-Tuberculosis League, Dr. Elva A. Wright, President, Union National Bank Building, not later than September 1st, 1912." At the bottom of the petition, written in pencil, is an endorsement of the petition by Local #79 O.P.I.A., followed by a page of signatures (also in pencil) from O.P.I.A. members. In 1910, Houston's death rate from tuberculosis exceeded the national average and there were no organized efforts to deal with it. This public health crisis gave rise to the Anti-Tuberculosis League, led by Dr. Elva Wright, to prevent and treat tuberculosis in the Houston area. This petition, with its detailed requirements for a treatment hospital, demonstrates the need for a wide variety of support, from medical professionals to trade organizations and individuals, to aid the fight against tuberculosis. Though this petition originated in 1912, the first tuberculosis hospital and sanatorium in Houston would not open until 1918. But this historically important instrument documents the concerted early efforts between Houston's medical community and the public to combat a deadly infectious disease in the early twentieth-century.

Title: 1912 Petition from the Houston Anti-Tuberculosis League, Dr. Elva A. Wright, President, for the Requirements of a Tuberculosis Hospital Proposed by the Commissioners' Court of Harris County; Signed by Members of the Local #79 O.P.I.A. (Houston)

Author:

Categories: Medical,

Publisher: Houston, Texas, 1912

Book Condition: Very Good

Seller ID: 09899

Keywords: Tuberculosis Houston Medical Treatments Prevention History,